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Essentially the most fascinating castles and fortresses in Italy

Italy boasts many treasured monuments and architectural beauties, however the castles are actually among the many most evocative by way of allure. Perched on majestic mountains, immersed in fairy-tale landscapes or lapped by the waters, castles and fortresses inform us long-gone tales, on the border between actuality and legend.

The fortresses are similar to castles, fortification works consisting of a wall of appreciable thickness and towers. Usually, they’re present in very suggestive villages or historic centres, locations that carry pictures of princesses, knights and battles to thoughts. Right here under is the record of among the most fascinating ones.

Monteriggioni fortress, Tuscany

Because of its majesty and grandeur, the Monteriggioni fortress, within the province of Siena, has a pure vacationer vocation. Yearly, actually, over 70,000 guests go to admire the well-known Tuscan citadel, which exhibits itself in all its magnificence.

It’s no coincidence that some of the illustrious vacationers, who arrived from Florence, was so impressed that he devoted some verses to his most well-known work. We’re speaking about Dante, who was impressed by Monteriggioni for the enormous fixtures within the abyss of Malebolge, in Dante’s Hell.

Rocca Calascio, Abruzzo

Contained in the Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga Nationwide Park, at 1460 m, stands the Rocca di Calascio, within the province of L’Aquila. The imposing medieval construction, all inbuilt white stone, is likely one of the highest in Italy. Perched within the mountains, it overlooks the traditional village under, now uninhabited. Its undoubted allure has made it an ideal setting for a number of movies, together with the unforgettable “Ladyhawke” and “The Title of the Rose”, but in addition the latest “The American” with George Clooney.

Aragonese Citadel, Ischia island, Amalfi coast

It stands on an islet and is related by the use of a masonry bridge to the traditional Borgo di Celsa, at the moment referred to as Ischia Ponte. Because of Alfonso V of Aragon, entry to the citadel is feasible via a tunnel dug within the rock. Earlier than then, it may solely be accessed by the ocean. The tunnel, 400 meters lengthy, is illuminated by excessive skylights which on the time additionally acted as “seals” from which boiling oil, stones and different supplies have been thrown at any enemies. On this citadel, in 1952, some scenes of the movie “The Crimson Pirate” have been shot with Burt Lancaster.

Scaliger Citadel, Garda Lake

It is likely one of the most full and best-preserved castles in Italy. This citadel, situated in Sirmione, is a uncommon instance of a lake fortification. The citadel is bathed on all sides by the waters of Lake Garda. On one facet there may be the dock, on the opposite the imposing hold, with the cells meant for prisoners. The partitions and the three most important towers have dovetail battlements. It’s potential to entry the walkways and in addition attain the highest of the latter, in addition to benefit from the splendour of the dock. A tragic legend of affection needs Ebengardo’s soul to roam the citadel in the hunt for his Arice on stormy nights.

Castel del Monte, Puglia

It’s actually some of the mysterious in Italy, it’s a Thirteenth-century constructing constructed by Emperor Frederick II, close to the city of Andria. Its octagonal plan with an octagonal turret for every edge means that Castel del Monte was constructed based on exact mathematical-astronomical geometries, in addition to considering quite a few symbolisms. It doesn’t have any moat or army architectural aspect, it doesn’t reside in a strategic place, it has slim spiral staircases undoubtedly uncomfortable for defence and escape capabilities, loopholes too slim to throw arrows, and no stables. Its uncommon form additionally appears to recall that of a crown.

The castles within the Niccone Valley, Umbria/Tuscany border

11 miles lengthy, the place Tuscany meets Umbria, the Niccone valley owes its title to the Niccone stream, a tributary of the Tiber which is situated between Umbertide and Cortona. This lengthy, huge and quiet valley is a widely known vacation vacation spot for selective travellers from all around the world. Alongside the valley stand out the peaks of castles and a few ‘borghi’, in different phrases, fortified villages, constructed throughout the Center Ages. These constructions testify to the political and army rigidity by the Papal States for the enlargement of territorial neighbours.

The northern valley wall primarily resides in Tuscany from which, persevering with in the direction of Umbria, it’s potential to see the outstanding ‘Castello di Pierle’ sitting on the most excessive western a part of this huge valley. Constructed on the japanese facet of Mount Maestrino, the imposing citadel dominates the fertile valley identical to an impressive eagle. Reaching the citadel, its top seems virtually disproportionate to the modest measurement of the hill the place the citadel is situated. Across the citadel, there’s a small church and a few previous homes the place just a few individuals reside in complete tranquillity along with some home animals.

The oldest citadel in the whole valley is the Lisciano Citadel, courting again to the Ninth-Tenth century. In-built 1202 by the Marquises of Monte, it was protected by Perugia after which returned below the Papal authorities in 1479. The citadel was additionally owned by the Marquises of Sorbello. Sadly, just a few ruins are left of this citadel at the moment.


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The Sorbello citadel seems so totally different from the others as a result of it is likely one of the only a few castles within the space that has Ghibelline traditions, as its crenellated towers exhibit. The primitive bulk of this constructing dates again to the Tenth century, whereas the south facet dates again to the twelfth century; in 1600 it underwent radical adjustments and first, it turned a consultant palace, then a villa as a substitute. Its historical past is intently linked to the occasions of the Marquis de Bourbon of Monte S. Maria Tiberina. Contained in the citadel, the noble flats are stuffed with magnificent ceilings and chests of drawers. Attention-grabbing is the ready room, embellished with lovely Seventeenth-century work, and the throne room, the place the Regent dealt with justice.

The citadel of Reschio is situated on the border between Perugia and Tuscany, within the municipality of Lisciano Niccone, on a hill about 3 kilometres from the general public highway of the Niccone valley. Within the Center Ages, the citadel was lengthy disputed by the Lords of Perugia, Florence and Città di Castello for its location and numerous housing items. Situated inside a personal property, the citadel grounds host just a few luxurious villas out there for vacation leases.

Leaving Umbertide, in the direction of the course of Città di Castello alongside the Tiberina 3Bis, on the left seems in the midst of the greenery, the citadel of Montalto with its excessive tower. In historical instances this citadel was a fortress of nice strategic significance for the defence of Fratta in opposition to the expansionist targets of Città di Castello.

Daniela De Luca is CEO at House in Italy. House in Italy is a luxurious villa rental firm providing excessive finish vacation villa experiences all through the most effective areas of Italy since 1993.

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